What Dogs Tell Us About Ancient Civilisations | Ancient Architects

Sidloso
Published on Nov 20, 2021
Not many people know that the domestication of dogs actually pre-dates agriculture and current evidence, from the study canine ancestral lineages, suggests the dog was first domesticated between 18,800 and 32,100 years ago.

Their incredible natural abilities would of course aided humans through difficult times like the Ice Age, for example in hunting, and then in agricultural ways such as herding or guarding domesticated animals, pest control around harvested food supplies and so on.

Dogs would have been man’s and woman’s best friends ever since they were domesticated. They aided survival and offered companionship just like they do today and the study of ancient dog remains may be able to help us understand our own past.

By the end of the Younger Dryas, we know that through the sequencing of the genomes of 27 ancient canines, five ancestral lineages of dogs had diversified, all of which came from either one or two original sources.

We have a growing number of samples of ancient dog DNA and together with the radiocarbon dating of the bones, ancestral lineages of ancient and modern dogs are being mapped and this data is being used to support evidence of human migration patterns.

We can see when dogs were first introduced into specific geographic locations, where their ancestry lies, which may tell us where the people accompanying the dogs migrated from.

For me personally, I am interested to learn more about dogs in the ancient Pre-Pottery Neolithic sites of Turkey. We have a depiction at Gobekli Tepe but I’m unaware if any physical remains have been found. If dog remains were found, it could tell us where the builders of Gobekli Tepe actually came from.

In this video I explain the history of dog domestication and how the study of ancient dog DNA is helping us to understand the history and development of human civilisation.

All images are taken from Google Images and the below sources for educational purposes only.

Sources:
https://www.haaretz.com/archaeology/MAGAZINE-the-archaeology-of-dogs-1.5627348
https://www.donsmaps.com/oberkassel.html
https://www.science.org/doi/abs/10.1126/science.371.6528.451#:~:text=Dogs%20were%20the%20first%20animals,ago%20in%20ice%20age%20Siberia.
https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2016/06/the-origin-of-dogs/484976/
http://www.sci-news.com/archaeology/five-dog-lineages-paleolithic-09012.html
https://www.researchgate.net/figure/Predynastic-representations-of-dogs-held-by-leashes-1-White-Cross-lined-oval-plate_fig16_312230724
https://www.science.org/content/article/these-may-be-world-s-first-images-dogs-and-they-re-wearing-leashes
https://twitter.com/jens2go/status/932187729898758144/photo/2

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